Urban farming

Nairobi and Accra have created a municipal agricultural department. People have begun to understand how far food travels, and that they, as the consumer, have had no say in what is grown or how it is grown.

urban agriculture in africa

Sustainable urban agriculture can also promote worker protection and consumer rights. Urban agriculture has become a means to increase access to locally grown food and a way of reintroducing the public to the many aspects of food that we have lost as a culture. Products are sold at the farm gate, by cart in the same or other neighbourhoods, in local shops, on local farmers markets or to intermediaries and supermarkets.

Urban farming ideas

Dar es Salaam Tanzania , Dakar Senegal , Maputo Mozambique ; Pretoria South Africa , Kathmandu Nepal , Accra Ghana , Kathmandu Nepal and Beijing China are examples of the many cities that have demarcated zones for urban agriculture areas as a form of permanent land use in the perspective to support agriculture in combination, to protect open green areas, flood plains and areas under power lines to be built upon, to create buffer zones between conflicting land uses. Such activities may also enhance community self-esteem in the neighbourhood and stimulate other actions for improving the community's livelihood. Demarcation of such zones alone is not enough Zoning in itself is not sufficient to maintain these green open spaces. Subsequently, the Forum will coordinate the implementation of the actions plans, monitor the results obtained, draw lessons and adjust the strategies of the City Strategic Action Plan, if needed. Important measures that can be taken by Municipal Governments to enhance the productivity and economic viability of urban agriculture include the following: Provision of training and extension services to urban producers. And the business isn't stopping there: It has two more greenhouses in the works. In addition, compost-making initiatives create employment and provide income for the urban poor. The fish and greens are sold to area restaurants. Some municipalities e. This limits the representation of their interests in urban policymaking and planning at the various levels and hampers their participation in development programmes. Quality compost is an important input that can fetch a good price, as the example from Tanzania shows.

The use of fresh untreated wastewater has the additional advantage for poor urban farmers that it contains a lot of nutrients although often not in the proportions required by their soils and crops.

Input production and delivery may include activities like the collection and composting of urban wastes, production of organic pesticides, fabrication of tools, delivery of water, buying and bringing of chemical fertilisers, etc. As more of us begin to understand our food system, more of us seek to have more input into how food is grown, how it is treated after being harvested and how it moves from one place along the food route to another.

As the movement continues to grow and evolve, however, social entrepreneurs are experimenting with novel ways to make local agriculture an integral part of urban life. Lufa Farms, Montreal, Canada Lufa Farms has two sprawling rooftop greenhouses that produce greens, herbs, peppers and eggplants, which it delivers to approximately 4, customers each week.

Farming from home

Because the tiles are watertight, they hold in moisture, allowing growers to make the most of an increasingly limited water supply. In Nairobi in the early s, agriculture provided the highest self-employment earnings among small-scale enterprises and the third highest earnings in all of urban Kenya House et al. Products are sold at the farm gate, by cart in the same or other neighbourhoods, in local shops, on local farmers markets or to intermediaries and supermarkets. Increasingly this is recognised and incorporated in urban planning approaches such as the multi-actor planning methodologies adopted by Local Agenda 21 and the Sustainable Cities Programme. Victorino turns large roof tiles upside down, creating a long, V-shaped trough that can be filled with soil. The treatment and reuse of more urban wastewater in agriculture also needs to be ensured. The researchers question whether smaller, community-driven plots of urban agriculture—like community gardens, school, and prison farms—might actually do a better job of providing food to at-risk city residents, compared to commercial urban farms that inevitably have to focus on profits. That willingness and ability to change, has been the root of our success. Paul, Minnesota, US In a former commercial brewery, Urban Organics uses aquaponics - a system in which fish waste fertilizes plants - to supply salad greens and fish to area grocery stores and restaurants. So inventor and entrepreneur Jack Ng created the Sky Greens system to grow more food in less space. Also important is stimulating the dialogue and co-operation among the direct and indirect stakeholders in urban agriculture.
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Urban agriculture: what and why?