Culture specific syndrome
The patient of paranoid schizophrenia would be harboring a delusional belief of being persecuted against.
Most authors would agree that the term "culture-bound syndrome" was intended to describe forms of otherwise common mental illness that are rendered unusual because of the pathoplastic influence of culture. In fact, these conditions do not find a place in the main text of DSM-IV and are placed in the appendix.
Role of cultures in shaping these explanations and descriptions is not difficult to establish. In order to do this, the folk labels need to be put aside and the fundamental components of each disorder examined. J Cross Cult Psychol.
Culture specific syndrome
Similarly, ICD has described some of these conditions in the chapter F4. Dhat syndrome: A re-evaluation. We must next acknowledge that the concepts represented may be difficult for the average Western clinician to recognize but, in their respective cultures, are neither rare nor unusual. Dhat syndrome has been specified as a CBS specific to the culture of the Indian subcontinent, especially India. Br Med J. Culture-bound syndromes: The story of dhat syndrome. Attribution of the underlying distresses to the easily observable and locally acceptable beliefs should not lead to a specific and distinct labeling of the distress.
Culturally determined Dhat syndrome. Neurasthenai and depression: A study of somatisation and culture in China. Attribution of the underlying distresses to the easily observable and locally acceptable beliefs should not lead to a specific and distinct labeling of the distress.
Br J Psychiatry.
Culture specific syndromes and illnesses ppt
One could easily correlate this with the increasing advances in the field of medical science. Wig N. Missing the culturally specific idioms of distress could contribute to the under-recognition of depression and anxiety. Ford CV. Psychiatric diagnosis — Is it universal or relative to culture? This struggle is reflected in the continuing use of a term that is confusing and inaccurate. Also, it has incorporated the description of the CBS and the outline for assisting the clinicians in systematic evaluation of these conditions in its glossary section. This observation also suggests a role of knowledge and locally prevalent beliefs in explanation of the condition. The members of a particular community, culture or region use the local vocabulary to express their feelings, moods and concerns. The authors explained the symptom as a consequence of the information and knowledge base of the individuals from the different social groups. The authors from developing countries have observed that somatic complaints and symptoms take precedence over the symptoms given in the diagnostic manuals. Since these conditions are considered to be specific to certain regions, they are of concern and interest to the practitioners and the researchers from those regions.
Berkeley: University of California Press; Depression, anxiety and somatization are all well known to present with bodily symptoms.
This impedes the progress in the understanding of management of this conditions.
One of the ways forward could be to consider these as manifestations that have not ceased to manifest in certain cultures.
based on 57 review