These are rice straw and bamboo straw papers. She holds a Ph. This was the only fiber used by all of the hand papermakers visited in northern Thailand. None of the other papermakers encountered untied the screen to remove the paper.
Oil in paper leads to longevity problems. The family of Daw Thaung Kywe demonstrated their papermaking process for the tour group. Some readers for younger grades include red in the pictures to cheer things up, but as seen here below], the inexpert application of color can strain the eyes.
No distinguishing indoctrination from education. The material is gathered locally before six months of age when a hollow cavity will begin to form in the center of the stalk.
The screen mould is then carefully lifted from the vat and left to dry in the sun. It is cut between the nodes, the outer "bark.
Myanmar economic journal
The difference between the two papermakers was the carefulness, thoroughness, and repetition of these procedures by the bamboo papermaker. Water is added to the measured pulp and it is distributed in a pot and poured onto the screen as in the production of the straw papers. To accommodate the longer mulberry fibers, the blades of the machine are spaced farther apart and are duller than is customary for beating other fibers such as cotton, linen, or wood pulp. The plant grows in the neighboring mountain area. After the resting time has elapsed, the bamboo will be cooked in boiling water for a day and a half. Once dry, the paper is peeled away from the screen. Bleach is sometimes added as well to decrease the cooking time and to make the paper whiter. The beating is done indoors, to help keep the fiber moist. The mould, which had been secured to the edges of the vat, was unclamped and released. There it is called sa. The unburnished paper purchased was three mil in thickness: Burnished paper was one mil in thickness. Pulp needed for a coarser grade paper requires less beating and for finer grade paper requires more beating. After cutting, the squares are rubbed with a wood block on a padded surface and surface hairs and other irregularities are diminished. Generations of students had to treat textbooks with kid gloves, venerating these objects that performed their intended function so poorly. The burnishers, all young girls, sign their names to the papers they burnish and are paid per sheet.
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